Oct 24, 2012 by admin
Many important ecosystem services have been degraded as a result of human activities. Even services derived from so-called protected areas are not immune to these threats. Indeed, much debate surrounds the topic of the most effective approaches to conservation. One approach has been to provide compensation to the parties protecting them in the form of payments for ecosystem services (PES). To counteract forces of degradation, governments, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations worldwide invest billions of dollars each year in PES programs that provide incentives to resource users to take actions that sustain ecosystem services (or to refrain from taking actions that threaten ecosystem services). Despite reported successes in restoring and preserving ecosystems and their corresponding services such as clean air and water, food, soil fertility, forest resources, and eco-tourism, long-term PES program sustainability remains uncertain. PES lack of sustainability can arise from many reasons, one being that PES participants may return to their previous behavioral patterns when payments end.
The call particularly encourages review and research articles to address theoretical, methodological, and empirical issues related to (but not limited to) the following topics:
- Land use or land cover change associated with PES programs
- Ecological effects of PES programs (e.g., wildlife habitat or behavioral change)
- Potential mechanisms for success/failure observed in current PES programs
- Socioeconomic, demographic, and political consequences of PES programs
- Methodological issues: collection of qualitative and quantitative data related to PES, data analysis and modeling, application of GIS techniques and spatial statistics, integration of multidisciplinary and multi-scale data, etc.
- Complexity in coupled natural and human systems (CNH) arising from PES programs (e.g., feedback, nonlinearity, time lags). Analyses using similar integrated frameworks including coupled human and natural systems (CHANS), social-ecological systems, or social-environmental systems are also welcome.